What Was The 1967 Bougainville Copper Agreement

“beginning,” November 30, 1967 (the start date of the Bougainville Copper Agreement in 1967); The hostilities were concluded in 1998 as part of the Bougainville peace agreement. The national government (PNG) approved the creation of the Bougainville Autonomous Government and certain rights and authorities that the autonomous government would have over the so-called Bougainville province, which includes, in addition to Bougainville Island, small islands. Under Australian rule, Lode Gold was first discovered in 1930 in Bougainville. [3] The discovery of giant copper deposits in the Crown Prince Range on Bougainville Island in the 1960s led to the creation of the huge bougainville copper mine by the Australian company Conzinc Rio Tinto. The Panguna mine began in 1972 under the leadership of Bougainville Copper Ltd, with the government of Papua New Guinea being a 20% shareholder. At that time, the Panguna mine was the largest open pit mine in the world. It generated more than 45% of Papua New Guinea`s national export earnings and, as such, was of crucial importance to the economy. [4] The impetus for peace was the election of Prime Minister Bill Skate, who had previously opposed a military solution. In mid-1997, talks were held in Honiara and Burnham in New Zealand, culminating in a ceasefire and a demilitarization agreement. An Unarmed Affairs Monitoring Group (TMG) led by New Zealand, supported by Australia, Fiji and Vanuatu, was subsequently set up. [53] Since then, a ceasefire has largely been maintained on the island. Kauona and Kabui held peace talks with the Skate government in Christchurch, New Zealand, culminating in the signing of the Lincoln Agreement in January 1998. [54] In accordance with the agreement, PNG began to withdraw its soldiers from the island and measures were taken to disarm the BRA and the BRF, while a multinational peace monitoring group (PMG) was set up under the leadership of Australia and replaced TMG.

Legislation establishing a reconciliation government in Bougainville was not approved by the PNG parliament in December 1998. [55] The conflict began to develop from the beginning of mining in Panguna. Many local landowners were against the mine because it attracted an influx of workers from other parts of PNG.

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