Simla Agreement

(iii) Resignations shall commence from the entry into force of this Agreement and shall be concluded within thirty days. [4] On July 2, 1972, the two countries reached an agreement. The main clauses of the Simla Agreement are as follows: the Simla Agreement reads like a communiqué rather than a peace agreement with a country that has gone to war with India. Nothing in the agreement has set Pakistan a future good conduct. It also contained some ridiculous expectations, such as the clause that obliges both governments to “take all measures directed in their power to prevent hostile propaganda against each other.” The summit between Bhutto and Indra Gandhi opened in Simla at the set time. The Summit was held from 28 June to 2 July 1972. The objective of the agreement was to define the measures envisaged to normalize bilateral relations and settle mutual disputes through peaceful means and bilateral negotiations. India wanted to solve all the problems in one package, so it proposed a treaty of friendship obliging the two countries to renounce the use of force in the event of a dispute, not to interfere in each other`s personal internal affairs, not to seek interference by third parties in the settlement of their differences and to renounce opposing military alliances. Pakistan wanted to focus on such immediate issues as the release of prisoners of war, the withdrawal of troops and the resumption of diplomatic relations.

He rejected the Indian proposal on the grounds that it would involve a lasting adoption of the Kashmir division and the withdrawal of the Kashmir dispute from the United Nations. What the Simla Agreement did not achieve for India could have been achieved through the 1973 Delhi Agreement, signed by India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. The Delhi Agreement on the Repatriation of War and Civilian Internees is a tripartite agreement between the above-mentioned States, signed on 28 August 1973. The agreement was signed by Kamal Hossain, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Government of Bangladesh, Sardar Swaran Singh, Minister of Foreign Affairs of India, and Aziz Ahmed, Minister of State for Defence and Foreign Affairs of the Government of Pakistan. [9] [10] [11] The agreement did not prevent relations between the two countries from deteriorating until armed conflict, most recently during the 1999 Kargil war. In Operation Meghdoot in 1984, India seized the entire inhospitable Siachen Glacier region, where the border was not clearly defined in the agreement (perhaps because the area was deemed too arid to be controversial); This was considered by Pakistan as a violation of the Simla agreement. Most of the deaths that followed in the Siachen conflict were due to natural disasters, such as avalanches in 2010, 2012 and 2016. This agreement, commonly known as the Simla Pact, was born out of the 1971 war between the two countries over developments in Pakistan`s eastern wing. The agreement aimed to define the principles that should govern their future relationship. It has also taken steps to further normalize bilateral relations.

Most importantly, he forced the two countries to “settle their differences by peaceful means through bilateral negotiations.” . . .

Responses are currently closed, but you can trackback from your own site.

Comments are closed.

Subscribe to RSS Feed Follow me on Twitter!